A major partner of CEA is the Xi’an Research and Design Institute of Wall & Roof Materials (XIAN) based in Xian, China. XIAN is currently the only professional research and design institute with first-class qualifications for design engineering consultancies and engineering contracting for the building materials industry in China. For over forty years, the institute has been working on a number of ceramic and fired products including solid bricks, perforated bricks, hollow bricks, aerated concrete products, “ceramsite”. It has also been involved in the development of over 300 science and research results on utilizing industrial wastes such as coal shale and fly ash to produce fired hollow brick and block. Moreover, XIAN has finished over two hundred brick and tile production lines with output of 10 million to 230 million per year in China as well as in Algeria, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, and Russia.

XIAN’s brick sector work in Bangladesh began in 2003 with the UNDP-GEF project “Improving Kiln Efficiency in the Brick Making Industry”. Their valuable contribution included: assessment of available brick making technologies in Bangladesh; technical assistance in the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of a demonstration Hybrid-Hoffman Kiln (HHK); knowledge and technology transfers through workshops and on-the-job training; hosting study tours for Bangladeshi delegations in Xian to view operational Vertical Shaft Brick Kilns (VSBK) and HHKs. XIAN continues to have a presence in Bangladesh with CEA in supporting carbon finance for a program to construct a number of HHKs that will significantly reduce emissions of GHGs and local air pollutants.